Colon Cancer Treatment
A group of medicines or drugs used to treat cancer, chemotherapy works throughout the entire body to kill cancer cells that may have already spread or metastasized. Chemotherapy targets both the original tumor and parts of the body that are far away from the primary site. Chemotherapy may be the only treatment you will need, but it may be also be combined with other types of cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy, surgery and targeted drug therapy.
Kettering Cancer Care employs multiple kinds of radiation therapies in cancer treatment. Depending on the stage and location of your colon cancer, your oncologist may recommend one of the following types of radiation therapies:
- Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) - IMRT is used to increase tumor control and decrease toxicity in most body sites. The therapy allows the radiation to be tightly shaped around the tumor so that there is minimal injury to healthy tissue.
- Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) - IGRT is used in combination with IMRT to verify the exact position of a tumor immediately before and during a patient's daily radiation treatment. Kettering Cancer Care employs the field's latest IGRT, which uses a built-in CT scanner in the treatment machine to take detailed low-dose CT scan images of a patent's tumor during the treatment. These images are transmitted to sophisticated computer systems, which analyze the position of the tumor and compare it to images of the tumor prior to treatment. The information is then fed back to the machine to adjust the patient's position so the tumor is precisely within the focus of the radiation. This happens before each and every treatment, thus maximizing the treatment accuracy.
- Brachytherapy - This is a type of radiation treatment where the radioactive source is placed at a "close" distance to the tumor. High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy allows for a very rapid treatment time (usually less than 15 minutes) and is the most commonly used type of brachytherapy at Kettering Cancer Care.
- VERSA HD™ - A revolutionary linear accelerator, VERSA HD safely and efficiently delivers conventional radiation therapy throughout the body with extreme targeting and precision. The system's patented technology conforms to tumor size, shape and volume, supporting higher dose rates that enhance effectiveness. This results in highly precise treatments with shorter treatment times to minimize the impact of treatment on your quality of life.
The surgical oncologists at Kettering Cancer Care are trained in a variety of surgical methods used to treat colon cancer. Some of the surgery procedures your oncologist may employ include:
- Minimally Invasive Procedures - Available for selected tumor sites only, minimally invasive procedures involve the insertion of special probes into the tumor that apply intense heating or cooling to kill cancer cells. Examples include Radiofrequency Ablation, Microwave Ablation, and Cryoablation.
- Embolization - This procedure blocks abnormal blood vessels to stop bleeding or to block blood supply to tumors. Embolization is performed by injecting agents, usually particles, through a catheter and into the blood vessels that feed these target areas. By selectively blocking the target tissue's blood supply, the deprived tissue will either be destroyed or become devitalized, resulting in therapeutic benefit.
- Da Vinci - This form of robotic surgery is available at two of Kettering Health Network's hospitals: Kettering Medical Center and Soin Medical Center. Patients benefit from Da Vinci robotic surgery with faster recovery times, less pain, less blood loss and better outcomes.
Targeted therapy drugs work differently than other cancer treatments, in that they block cell signals that impact cell growth, function and death. Targeted therapy drugs are typically given by mouth and may need to be taken for a long time to continue to block these cell signals. Targeted therapy may be used alone or with other types of cancer treatment.
Our experienced team of surgeons and surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists and imaging specialists, pharmacists, dieticians, specially trained nurses, therapists, chaplains and staff is ready to guide you through your colon cancer treatment. Let us help you with this challenge.