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Neuro Library
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Movement Disorders

Movement disorders affect more than 40 million people in the United States. Movement disorders are neurological conditions, generally developing in the brain, that can result in too much movement, like tremors or involuntary movements, or too little movement. Movement disorders make it difficult to move with speed, smoothness, and ease. Having a movement disorder can make it challenging to work, drive, or perform daily activities such as bathing and eating. Movement disorders range from mild to severely debilitating, and many have very similar symptoms. It is vitally important to get a correct diagnosis so you can get proper treatment.


If you have a movement disorder, you may experience:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Muscle spasm
  • Twitching
  • Tremor
  • Trouble walking
  • Uncontrolled movement (such as a seizure)
  • Problems with physical coordinationd
The symptoms of movement disorders are very common, and many can be reversed. Research has shown that for certain conditions, getting treatment can improve the chance that your symptoms will resolve.

Types of Movement Disorders

Movement disorders are neurological conditions that affect a person's ability to control the way his or her body moves. The symptoms vary both by person and from day to day. Patients and caregivers must learn coping skills for not only physical symptoms but also emotional issues, social stigmas, and other concerns.

These disorders are driven by changes to segments of the brain that control movement. The causes are often unknown and are represented by two basic categories:

  • Hypokinetic disorders (too little movement/slowness of movement)
  • Hyperkinetic disorders (too much movement/excess, unwanted movement)
Kettering Health Network neurologists are experienced in treating many movement disorders, from the most complex to the most common, including conditions such as:

  • Parkinson's disease and related syndromes
  • Essential tremor, familial, and other tremors
  • Dystonia
  • Ataxia/gait-balance disorders
  • Other movement disorders
    • Huntington's disease
    • Myoclonus
    • Restless leg syndrome
    • Tourette's syndrome/tics