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Types of Diabetes

There are several different types of diabetes. Understanding which type you have will help you effectively manage your symptoms. Kettering Health Network Diabetes Center has comprehensive treatment and education options for all types and stages of diabetes.

Prediabetes and Prevention of diabetes: If you have been told you have prediabetes, it means that the sugar level in your blood is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. This can also be called "impaired fasting glucose" or "impaired glucose tolerance." Making lifestyle changes including diet and exercise can effectively reduce the risk of developing diabetes by 58%

Type 1: Type 1 diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by a total lack of insulin; occurs when the body's immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin. Type 1 diabetes develops most often in young people but can appear in adults

Type 2: Type 2 diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood glucose levels caused by either a lack of insulin or the body's inability to use insulin efficiently. Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older adults but can appear in young people

Gestational: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy and usually disappears upon delivery, but increases the risk that the mother will develop diabetes later in life

Other Types of Diabetes: less common types of diabetes are caused by genetic conditions, medications, pancreatic disorders, infections, and other diseases